CSIRO's cyanide-free gold showcases non-toxic solution

The Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO), Australia's national science agency, has produced the country's first gold using a non-toxic chemical process in an effort to provide an alternative to cyanide and mercury to extract the yellow metal
CSIRO's cyanide-free gold showcases non-toxic solution CSIRO's cyanide-free gold showcases non-toxic solution CSIRO's cyanide-free gold showcases non-toxic solution CSIRO's cyanide-free gold showcases non-toxic solution CSIRO's cyanide-free gold showcases non-toxic solution

A sample of the gold made without cyanide

Staff reporter

PRESS RELEASE: The first gold is the result of early industry trials of CSIRO's 'going for gold' technology and was produced in partnership with small gold miner Eco Minerals Research at a demonstration plant in the Western Australian goldfields town of Menzies.

Cyanide is used in more than 90% of global gold production, but producers are facing increasingly tough regulations that prevent or restrict its use due to environmental and health concerns.

In response to recent spills of toxic cyanide, several regional agencies in the US, South America and Europe have banned the use of cyanide for gold extraction.

The technology replaces cyanide with thiosulphate, a non-toxic alternative, and a simple process flowsheet.

CSIRO stated that it could be a game-changer for Eco Minerals Research, which has its sights set on becoming the first Australian producer to go cyanide-free.

Paul Hanna, managing director at Eco Minerals Research, said: "The first gold is a major milestone in our progress towards becoming one of the world's first green gold producers. In close collaboration with CSIRO we've gone through the design, engineering and fabrication stages and set up a processing facility in Menzies, delivering the first gold pour in just 10 months, which is a fantastic achievement."

The CSIRO research team behind the technology has already had commercial success with another tailored cyanide-free gold solution developed with Barrick Gold specifically for its Goldstrike mine in Nevada, US, where it has been used for nearly four years to maintain production rates.

The A$2.1 million (US$1.5 million) demonstration project was made possible through A$860,000 in funding from the Science and Industry Endowment fund (SIEF) and an Australian Government Innovation Connections grant.

Dr Larry Marshall, chief executive of CSIRO, commented: "Science enabling industry and environment to be partners not competitors, exactly as envisioned in our market vision - turning commodities into higher value, uniquely Australian products. It has been accelerated through CSIRO's ON programme, and could be a game-changer for small gold producers or those looking to get ahead of increasing market demand for greener commodities. Early industry trials like this are critical to innovation and go to the heart of CSIRO's mission to tackle big, real-world challenges and unlock a better future for everyone."

To reduce economic barriers to entry for small producers and help turn stranded gold deposits into production, CSIRO's vision is to deliver the alternative process technology direct to mine sites via a mobile service.

A typical cyanide-based processing plant costs around A$30 million, whereas the new technology has a lower capital investment costing as little as A$2-2.5 million to build.