Breaking the ice

The 'wastewater treatment by natural freeze crystallisation and ice separation’ (WINICE) project, which is financed by the Academy of Finland, is investigating a concept to make use of Finland’s cold climate to let nature assist in a green wastewater-preparation solution

Breaking the ice Breaking the ice Breaking the ice Breaking the ice Breaking the ice

The research group carried out ice crystallisation experiments with nickel sulphate solution. Photo: LUT

Water consumption by the mining industry is significant, and the preparation and purification of wastewater bears challenges concerning processes, work and costs.

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